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Top Five Classroom Management Strategies – They Really Work

来源:BRIGHT HUB 2011-07-15 13:36:04
   
编者按:国内外教育学家和老师们对如何进行课堂管理都有很多专业的看法,kellie Hayden作为美国的一位优秀的中学老师在如下的文章中也谈了她在多年的教学生涯中对如何进行课堂管理的看法,并总结出5条黄金法则。
 
作者简介:Kellie Hayden 是美国俄亥俄州的一个优秀的中学语文老师,教育学硕士,自由撰稿人,曾获俄亥俄州语文教育特别嘉奖。
 
Kellie Hayden • Updated Dec 28, 2010

Are students disrupting the learning environment in your classroom? Do you need help with classroom management? To help keep your sanity and to create a peaceful environment, here are five strategies that do not involve yelling and screaming.

Strategies for Good Classroom Management

My biceps don’t bulge and my hair is blond. Intimidation is not my weapon. I am a veteran teacher with 17 years of experience. I have taught senior auto mechanics Shakespeare. In addition to high school students, I have taught middle school students who have had ADHD, students who had parents in jail and students with their own parole officers.

In the real world, students come from all walks of life. They all have problems, and some do not deal well with stress or conflict. I care about my students, but the number one reason they come to school is to learn. They are tested to make sure that I taught them the Ohio English Language Arts Standards, so order must be kept in the classroom.

Of course, students know the classroom rules and school rules. The boundaries are set before work begins. Not all strategies work with every student.

Five Top Strategies to Keep Students Learning in a Calm Classroom Environment

Strategy number 5 – Keep the lesson moving. If you have a forty-five minute period, plan three different activities. Try to get them up out of their seats at least once during the class period. Those students with pent up energy will thank you for it.

Strategy number 4 – Don’t lecture for the whole period. Students who are actively engaged in a learning activity are generally not disrupting the class. Hands-on activities work great for vivacious classrooms.

Strategy number 3 – Talk to your students. If you see them in the hall, in the cafeteria or at the grocery store, ask them how they are. If you see a student in the local newspaper, congratulate them. If they do something nice, tell them that you appreciate their kindness. This lets them know that you really do care about them.

Strategy numbers 2 -- When students are being disruptive by talking, poking, pulling or crumpling paper, go stand by them. This works best with boys. I have taught from the back of the room by the orneriest boys. This sends them a direct message to stop what they are doing. Most of the time they stop and get back to work.

Strategy number 1 – When you have stood by the student, talked to the student and kept them busy with lessons, and they still are disruptive, take them in the hallway. Ask them, “Are you OK?” It has been my experience that they crumble and tell you that they had a fight with their parents, didn’t get up on time or are having other issues. If they are defiant, send them on to the principal. In the last five years, I have sent very few kids to the principal’s office for classroom disruptions.

Kids are kids. If they are not actively engaged in the lesson, they will become actively engaged in something else – disruptive behavior. Try these five strategies to keep them learning.


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